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2015 Inequality and...? Lecture Series

Inequality and Gender Occupational Outcomes

Ronald L. Oaxaca, University of Arizona
24 June 2015

Equality of opportunity is a popular goal that a broad spectrum of political opinion is united on. Equality of outcomes as an objective of public policy is more divisive.

I would argue that social concern over gender inequality in occupational outcomes is driven mainly by the very close association between occupational inequality and income inequality. If women were under-represented in low paying occupations lacking promotional opportunities, it is doubtful that gender occupational inequality would be a significant social issue (at least not for women).

This lecture will explore the association between job titles and wages, job mobility in the workplace, and how to sort out how much of the gender wage gap can be attributed to job segregation in the workplace.

Evidence will come from studies of actual firms as well as laboratory experiments.

 

 

 

...in a nutshell

 

Full lecture

 

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Ronald L. Oaxaca, University of Arizona (Introduction)

            

 

 
Ronald L. Oaxaca, University of Arizona (Presentation)

 

Read the Inequality and Gender Occupational Outcomes slides of the lecture.

 

 

Inequality and Globalization

Jacques Silber, Bar-Ilan University
20 May 2015

What type of inequality should we take a look at when analyzing world inequality and how did inequality vary over time? Does globalization refer to the international convergence of prices or real wages, to the increase in the volume of trade, the decline in transportation costs and trade restrictions or to the rise in information flows (social globalization)?

What was the impact on inequality of technological change and institutional factors, such as the decline in the union coverage, in centralized collective bargaining and labor market regulations?

Empirical evidence will be presented on these various issues, in particular on the impact of globalization on inequality.

 

 

...in a nutshell

 

Full lecture

 

Full slide presentation

 

 

 
Jacques Silber, Bar-Ilan University (Introducion)

 

 
Jacques Silber, Bar-Ilan University (Presentation)

 

Read the Inequality and Globalization slides of the lecture.

 

 

Inequality and Non-Standard Work 

Ana Llena-Nozal , OECD
21 April 2015

This lecture discusses the implications of developments in the labour market in terms of non-standard work on individual earnings and household income inequality.

It documents how non-standard work affects the distribution of jobs and wages and discusses whether non-standard jobs are stepping-stones or not.

The presentation also shows that non-standard workers living alone or with other non-standard workers suffer from higher chances of low income and poverty. In addition, it examines work incentive and adequacy effects of tax and benefit rules.

 

 

 

 

...in a nutshell

 

Full lecture 

 

Full slide presentation

 

 

 
Inequality and Non-Standard Work - Dr. Ana Llena-Nozal (Introduction)

 

 
Inequality and Non-Standard Work - Dr. Ana Llena-Nozal (Presentation)

 

Read the Inequality and Non-Standard Work slides of the lecture.

 

 

Inequality and Health

Frederick Zimmerman, University of California, Los Angeles
25 March 2015

How much inequality is too much? A philosophical answer is provided in Rawls’ dictum that only as much inequality can be tolerated as improves the lot of the least well-off.

Using health and well-being to concretize Rawls’ criterion, this presentation offers evidence suggesting that reducing inequality would result in meaningful improvements to population health and well-being.

Data are presented on the relationships between inequality and health in several domains, and causal mechanisms operating at various levels are discussed. This evidence collectively suggests that levels of economic inequality have reached levels that are ethically indefensible in many countries.

 

 

 

 

 

...in a nutshell

 

Full lecture 

 

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Inequality and Health - Prof. Frederick J. Zimmerman (Introduction)

 

 
Inequality and Health - Prof. Frederick J. Zimmerman (Presentation)

 

Read the of the Inequality and Health slides of the lecture.

 

 

Inequality and Intergenerational Mobility

Tim Smeeding, University of Wisconsin and OECD
26 February 2015

 

This lecture considers what we know about the methods by which the intergeneration transmission of advantage and disadvantage work their way through the lifecycle; it shows how inequality affects mobility; it offers a perspective on when and how public policy can intervene to alter the time path of child development from birth through adulthood.

 

The steps in the life course are illustrated with cross-national examples of parent–child gradients in multiple child outcome domains.

 

 

 

 

... in a nutshell

 

Full lecture

 

Full slide presentation

 

 

 
Inequality and Intergenerational Mobility (Introduction)

 

 
Inequality and Intergenerational Mobility (Presentation)

 

Read the Inequality and Intergenerational Mobility slides of the lecture.

 

 

 

Inequality and beyond GDP

Enrico Giovannini, University of Rome "Tor Vergata"
8 January 2015

 

A great deal of work over the last ten years has been carried out to measure the progress of our societies going “Beyond GDP”. New indicators have been developed, as well as initiatives to better integrate economic, social and environmental policies.

 

In the meantime, income inequality has grown in both developed and developing countries.

 

The lecture will discuss possible frameworks to measure equitable and sustainable well-being and opportunities to develop policies to reduce inequality in European countries.

 

 

 

... in a nutshell

 

Full lecture

 

Full slide presentation

 

 

 
Inequality and beyond GDP (Introduction)

 

 
Inequality and Beyond GDP (Presentation)

 

Read the Inequality and Beyond GDP slides of the lecture.