Doctoral school of law

Here is the list of our PhD candidates:

 

ADDE Franck Olivier :

 

"L'encadrement juridique de la vente à distance par l'intermédiaire d'Internet en Côte d'Ivoire: Etude à la lumière de la directive 2011/83/UE".

Supervisor: Prof. Elise POILLOT

 

 

 

 

ALEXANDRAKI  Chrysa 

"The Dispute Settlement And Enforcement System Under The Climate Change Regime In A Post-Paris Agreement Era"

Supervisor: Prof. Matthew HAPPOLD

 

This research project aims to provide a comprehensive legal analysis of climate finance. The project aspires to examine to what extent the normative and governance landscape in climate finance enables the implementation of the Paris Agreement in pursuit of the global public good of climate change mitigation. In doing so, the project holistically analyzes climate finance law and governance through the lens of transparency, good governance and legal readiness, while incorporating contemporary transnational developments in international law, concerning inter alia the growing role of non-state action, fragmentation, and the traditional notion of enforcement vis-à-vis notions of coordination and orchestration in regulatory governance.

 

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ANCORA Antonio 

"Risk, Uncertainty, and State aid. Dispute avoidance mechanisms for Transfer Pricing"

Supervisor: Prof. Katerina PANTAZATOU

 

In the current International and European legal framework, there is no legal certainty in taxation, especially for transfer pricing transactions among multinational enterprises. Dispute avoidance mechanisms are some of the most recognized legal instruments for providing legal certainty in taxation. Is there a legal instrument capable to re-establish tax certainty in the current international context characterized by the aftermath of EU State aid investigations on Transfer Pricing? The goal of Antonio’s research project is to propose dispute avoidance mechanisms in order to re-establish the fundamental principle of legal certainty by considering State aid investigation as an independent risk factor.

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BELLI Alessio

"Le concept de citoyenneté sociale dans la théorie de la démocratie et dans le rapport entre constitutions nationales et dimension européenne."

Supervisor: Prof. Johan VAN DER WALT

Ce projet de recherche se propose de réfléchir autour d'une question spécifique, celle de la citoyenneté sociale et des droits sociaux, de leur place à l'intérieur de la théorie démocratique et par rapport aux relations entre constitutions nationales et dimension européenne. Aujourd'hui, nous nous trouvons face à un paradoxe évident: tandis que la philosophie politique, à partir par exemple de John Rawls ou Amartya Sen, a élaboré des conceptions de plus en plus avancées des formes d'inclusion sociale qui doivent caractériser une société juste, les développements politiques effectifs semblent aller dans une direction opposée, c'est-à-dire vers une réduction plus ou moins drastique d’un nombre des garanties sociales qui s'étaient affirmées dans la deuxième partie du 20ième siècle. C'est à partir de cette situation complexe que je vais dérouler ma réflexion en suivant ces points :

- Travail de recherche et de comparaison des auteurs appartenant à l'histoire de la pensée philosophico-politique européenne qui ont le plus contribué à l'élaboration de ce que l’on peut définir comme citoyenneté sociale;

- Mettre en évidence cette tradition de pensée comme partie intégrante et fondamentale de l'identité européenne;

- Préciser la façon dont cette tradition culturelle commune a influencé les constitutions européennes modernes;

- Comparer les différentes constitutions européennes à partir du concept de citoyenneté sociale;

- Tracer des parcours théoriques possibles ayant pour objectif l'élaboration d'un concept de citoyenneté sociale en mesure de dépasser les limites de l'approche libérale et de promouvoir le développement économique effectif, social et culturel des citoyens;

- Montrer comment la redéfinition d’u concept de citoyenneté sociale peut constituer un élément identitaire fondamental dans le processus d'intégration européenne.

Le projet vise à repenser à niveau européen le concept de citoyenneté sociale, afin de promouvoir et renforcer le processus d'intégration communautaire et la cohésion européenne. Affirmer le caractère central de la citoyenneté sociale signifie entamer un processus de matérialisation du sens d’appartenance européen dans la vie concrète, quotidienne des individus; cela signifie l’introjecter dans l'identité de ses citoyens et favoriser la cohésion entre eux dans un moment historique difficile pour la communauté européenne. Face à la désaffection croissante vis-à-vis de la classe politique européenne, face à la primauté d’automatismes technico-commerciaux et de mécanismes concurrentiels qui ne voient plus les hommes et les communautés, qui ronge le sens de solidarité collective et d’égalité substantielle, ce projet se propose finalement d’élaborer un concept de citoyenneté sociale qui affirme la centralité du sens d'appartenance de la population européenne à ses propres nécessités sociales et de renouer et réactualiser la tradition européenne du modèle social et de la prédicabilité des devoirs communautaires, de retrouver la capacité  de maitriser l’avenir, dans une perspective de lutte contre les nouvelle formes d’insécurité sociale.

BERGAMASCO Frederico

"Aeronautical Mobile Satellite Services. Legal issues of enforcement mechanisms and State sovereignty"

Supervisor: Prof. Mahulena HOFMANN

 

The increasing pluralism of the global society has caused the specialization of international law in functional regimes, each regulating a specific sector of human activities and entrusted to the responsibility of a global international organization. The International Communication Union and the International Civil Aviation Organization are in charge, respectively, of international communications and international aviation, and their respective regimes overlap in the domain of aeronautical safety radiocommunications. The aim of the thesis is to examine the interaction of the two regimes from a substantial and institutional perspective and establish whether the tools in place are suitable to ensure a harmonized legal framework for aeronautical safety radiocommunications and related radio spectrum.

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BERNARD François

"The challenges of cross-border divisions"

Supervisor: Prof. Isabelle CORBISIER

 

Cross-border divisions represent an efficient restructuring method allowing competent economic actors to suppress potential negative synergies within a conglomerate or to reinforce a company’s share price by correcting an asymmetry of information. Despite their protection by freedom of establishment and their partial regulation by the recent EU Directive 2019/2121, they generally benefit from less attention by both practitioners and academics than cross-border mergers and their effective implementation remains obscure. It therefore remains to determine how to ensure that cross-border divisions become a reality within the internal market without jeopardizing the interests of the various stakeholders potentially impacted thereby.

 

BINCOLETTO Giorgia

"Data protection by design in the e-health care sector: theoretical and applied perspectives"

Supervisor: Prof. Mark COLE

 

The research project focuses on the data protection domain and it uses an interdisciplinary approach and a legal comparison methodology. It explores how an e-health system can be designed for applying data protection principles and requirements to protect personal health data. The research attempts to bridge the gap between the legal and the technical disciplines on the concept of “data protection by design” by studying the EU legal framework on data protection, by analyzing and comparing the rules that protect health data in the EU and in the US, and finally by providing a set of guidelines for its implementation.

 

BLOUNT Kelly

"Artificial Intelligence in Predictive Policing; Assuring Legal Protections"

Supervisor: Prof. Katalin LIGETI

 

The thesis assesses the role that AI has assumed in expanding the act of crime prevention, both in depth and in scope. It argues that though AI has been a critical tool for the expansion of crime prevention capabilities, it has outpaced legal processes, ultimately rendering insufficient the legal protections afforded to subjects of criminal investigations. The thesis will propose a normative framework for the use predictive policing that expands the legal protections afforded to criminal suspects, while also accounting for the specific attributes of AI which may hinder the effectiveness of legal standards. 

 

BOMPREZZI Chantal

"Implications of Blockchain-Based Smart Contracts on Contract Law"

Supervisor: Prof. Luca RATTI

 

The study aims to verify how blockchain-based smart contracts fit into contract law. Indeed, smart contracts can also be used in the contractual domain for the encoding and automatic execution of contract terms. Smart contracts already existed before the blockchain, but they take advantage of the characteristics of the blockchain. Namely, the decentralised and immutable characters of the blockchain determine that no single contracting party can control, modify, or interrupt the execution of smart contracts. To this end, starting from some clarifications about the characteristics of the technology, the research focuses on the implications of blockchain-based smart contracts on contract formation, contract performance, and applicable law and jurisdiction.

BOSSELER Guillaume

"Des déséquilibres significatifs en droit commun des sociétés: quelle régulation?"

Supervisor: Prof. Isabelle CORBISIER

Les points suivants seront abordés dans notre étude :

Déséquilibres significatifs: il s’agira – d’une part – de procéder à une analyse, en droits (comparés) des obligations contractuelles et des sociétés, du concept de ‘déséquilibre significatif’ (dont une importante application est faite dans le cadre de la réglementation des clauses abusives) et – de manière générale – des déséquilibres (juridiques/économiques) pouvant exister entre parties à un contrat (de société).

Droit commun des sociétés:il s’agira – d’autre part – de rechercher les applications de la protection des actionnaires minoritaires – parties faibles au contrat de société – que l’on peut retrouver en droit commun (mais aussi en droit spécial) des sociétés.  

À cet égard, seront – entre autres – étudiés : la prohibition des clauses léonines, la question de l’égalité des actionnaires, l'abus de majorité et l’abus de minorité, l’action minoritaire, les ‘droits politiques’ des actionnaires, les différents quorums (de présence et de vote) en assemblées générales, les mécanismes de restriction à la libre cessibilité des titres, les actions à droit de vote double ou multiple, la protection des actionnaires minoritaires en cas d'offres publiques d’acquisition, d’offres publiques de reprises, de transformations, de fusions et de scissions (transfrontalières), etc. 

En parallèle, nous examinerons les mécanismes « réparateurs » du déséquilibre existant en droit des contrats (clauses abusives, lésion qualifiée, violence économique, etc.) ainsi que les principes qui les sous-tendent (bonne foi, abus de droit, cause objective, etc.). Nous les comparerons ensuite aux mécanismes proposés par le droit (commun) des sociétés et essayerons ainsi de rapprocher deux branches du droit qui – à première vue conçoivent la liberté contractuelle et l’axiome d’égalité des parties contractantes de manières fort différentes. 

Quelle régulation ?: tout au long de notre thèse, nous analyserons de manière critique quelles sont les règles (légales et jurisprudentielles) qui existent en droit des obligations contractuelles et en droit des sociétés et quelles seraient les pistes de réflexion à aborder (sous un angle juridique, économique, philosophique, historique, etc.) afin de régler – au mieux – les déséquilibres et le sort des parties faibles.

 

BOUCHAGIAR Georgios

"Tackling DNA phenotyping-based/assisted deprivation of liberty"

Supervisor: Prof. Silvia ALLEGREZZA

Georgios’ research focuses on DNA phenotyping; a technology that can be used by investigating authorities to forecast appearance of the unknown suspect. More concretely, Georgios studies phenotyping regulation and practice in Europe with a view to exploring how the use of this technology can interfere with the right to liberty and security, as protected by Article 5(1)(c) of the European Convention on Human Rights. The research aims to examine legality, legitimacy and necessity of deprivation of liberty that is based upon and/or assisted by DNA phenotyping; assess adequacy of existing legal protection against the risk of arbitrariness; and, ultimately, draw a fully-fledged regulatory scheme for DNA phenotyping-implementations.

BOULANGER Frédérique

"Etude comparée de l’influence des legaltechs sur les principes directeurs du procès civil (Luxembourg, France, Canada, Estonie)"

Supervisor: Prof. Séverine MENETREY

Frédérique Boulanger travaille sur sa thèse de doctorat qui est relative à l’incidence des technologies de l’information et de la communication sur le principe de publicité de la justice. Frédérique propose une réflexion renouvelée sur l’accès à l’information de jurisprudence permise par les nouvelles technologies en se focalisant plus spécifiquement sur le procès civil et les principes qui le gouvernent.

Frédérique Boulanger is working on her doctoral thesis which relates to the impact of information and communication technologies on the principle of Open Justice. Frédérique offers a renewed reflection on the Open Justice principle made possible by new technologies by focusing more specifically on civil proceedings and the principles that govern them.

BOYER Julie

"Analyse de la pratique judiciaire des dommages et intérêts contractuels : Contribution empirique et comparative à l’étude des fonctions de la responsabilité contractuelle."

Supervisor: Prof. André PRÜM

En droit français, le débat quant aux fonctions de la responsabilité contractuelle divise encore aujourd’hui la doctrine. Les positions monistes ne concèdent à la responsabilité contractuelle qu’une fonction unique, soit de réparation, soit d’exécution par équivalent. Toutefois, des positions médianes ont émergé qui tentent de concilier les deux fonctions de la responsabilité contractuelle. À l’heure où le Code civil est soumis à un large exercice de dépoussiérage, la thèse proposée revient sur ce débat séculaire en adoptant une position novatrice. Par la combinaison d’une approche à la fois empirique et comparative, nous recherchons dans la pratique judiciaire des éléments nouveaux qui nous permettront de vérifier la viabilité des positions doctrinales formulées jusqu’à présent.

CAIOLA Antonio

"A critical study on the choice of the legal basis for the adoption of Union’s acts in the light of the Court of Justice case law"

Supervisor: Prof. Eleftheria NEFRAMI

The thesis concerns a critical analysis of the case law of the Court of Justice of the European Union on the legal bases for the adoption of Union acts.

The research concerns, in particular, the constitutional aspects of this case law and examines in depth the impact of the decisions of the Court of Justice and of the interpretative criteria used by it on the Union's legal order.

In this context, specific attention is devoted to the relationship between the legal bases and the legislative and decision-making procedures of the various areas of activity of the European Union (TFEU, CFSP and former "Third Pillar"), especially since the entry into force of the Lisbon Treaty. 

CAVDAREVIC Ivan

"Enforcement of Investment Arbitral Awards"

Supervisor: Prof. Hélène RUIZ FABRI

This project is in the field of international investment arbitration and it focuses on a particular group of investor-state disputes initiated due to the judicial acts of host states. The research is most directly related to the issues concerning state responsibility for judicial acts, and the relationship between international and national forums and it aims at determining whether and in which way the practice of investment arbitral tribunals when dealing with the issue of state responsibility for judicial acts differs from the practice of other international courts and tribunals 

 

CECI Jean-Marc

"Par delà le juste et le désoeuvrement. Témoignage, compensation, désoeuvrement"

Supervisor: Prof. Johan VAN DER WALT

Droit et littérature opèrent de façon radicalement différente, mais sont à la source mais sont à la source d'une réaction réciproque et inévidente. Ma recherche est une proposition de verbalisation de cette réaction.

Je restreins ma recherche avec le concept de désoeuvrement. Considérant que le désoeuvrement de la littérature aboutit au poétique, et que le désoeuvrement du droit aboutit au juste, je cherche à dégager les traits d'une possible articulation du sens du juste et du sens du poétique, au départ de textes de Paul Ricoeur et Giorgio Agamben.

J'appliquerai ensuite ma réflexion à un cas concret, le récit d'Albert Camus, La Chute.

CHIAPPONI Gionvanni

"Un régime commun de prescription dans le cadre européen"

Supervisor: Prof. Burkhard HESS

Giovanni’s research is in the field of European civil procedural law. It focuses on a comparative study of time limits scheduling the proceedings in some national legal systems. Time limits vary widely between the different Member States. These differences lead to a risk of making the exercise of a judicial right unequal and entailing a breach of parties’ procedural rights (as guaranteed by Art. 47 CFR and 6 ECHR), which may prevent the achievement of the objectives put forth by EU instruments. Against this backdrop the objective of the research is to explore possible legal solutions to the vastly diverging rules on time limits across the EU.

CHIARA Pier

"Security and privacy of resource constrained devices"

Supervisor: Prof. Mark COLE

The doctoral thesis aims at mapping, through the lens of a legal analysis integrating technical consoderations, the disparate European security requirements regulating the IoT ecosystem. Security and privacy, in the era of the Internet of Things, are intertwined: not only our information, also our physical integrity is likely to be at stake when cyberattacks occur (eg. smart cars, wireless pacemakers, etc.). Thus, at a general level, the most significant issue in IoT is the fragmentation of the market. The complexity of today’s legal and technical challenges on IoT regulation calls for a careful balance of top-down approaches and bottom-up ones.

CITERONI Nicole

"Financial Investigations and Assets Recovery in International Criminal Law and Procedure "

Supervisor: Prof. Stefan BRAUM

Nicole Citeroni joined the FDEF as a PhD Candidate (DTU Rems I) in International Criminal Law under the supervision of Prof. Dr. Stefan Braum. Her PhD research focuses on the question of whether and to what extent the concept of international economic crime can be qualified and prosecuted as an international crime in the meaning of the Rome Statute. Her research project arises from a debate that has recently attracted the attention of many scholars both in international criminal law and in related fields, including politics and sociology. The approach adopted is based on recent studies, whose findings are further developed in the attempt to answer the research question by providing for an original and accurate definition of international economic crimes.

D'ATH Florence

"EU data protection law: a multi-functional framework for fundament rights protection? "

Supervisor: Prof. Jörg GERKRATH

This study conceptualizes the notion of legal functionality as the capability of a given law to provide practical tools to its addressees in order to achieve its objectives. This study then explores the multi-functionality of EU data protection law with respect to its objective to ensure the respect of all the fundamental rights and freedoms of data subjects. After looking into the origin of this ambitious objective, this study aims at identifying the factors that have rendered EU data protection law particularly functional for the defense of the fundamental right to privacy and personal data protection. This study also aims at understanding how the functionality of EU data protection law could further be enhanced for the protection of other fundamental rights which have proven to be vulnerable to harmful data-driven practices. Particular focus will be put on the right not to be discriminated in the context of automated individual decision-marking and on the right to receive and impart information without interference in the context of political micro-targeting on the internet.

 

PhD project keywords:  Data protection – Privacy – EU data protection law – fundamental rights – effectiveness – functionality – non-discrimination – freedom of expression – GDPR

Florence D'Ath is a Doctoral Researcher and a Teaching Assistant at the Research Unit in Law of the University of Luxembourg (UL) and at the International and European Law Department of Maastricht University (UM). Her research focuses on the fundamental right to data protection and its interactions with other fundamental rights in the era information technologies. Prior to becoming a Doctoral Researcher, Florence had already conducted two research internships at the International Trade Committee of the European Parliament (INTA) and at Cape Town University (UCT).

DEMIR Erdal

"Governance of Corporate Groups in the Axis of Liability of Directors in Subsidiaries "

Supervisor: Prof. Pierre-Henri CONAC

 

 

 

DEMKOVA Simona

"Effective Review in the Age of Information "

Supervisor: Prof. Herwig HOFMANN

The thesis assesses the exercise of (judicial) review of European decision-making conduct in the age of information. The research particuarly discusses challenges brought about by technological innovation underpinning individual decision-making dependent on large-scale information exchanges, on the case study of Schengen Information System, in view of the individual right to, and a constitutional promise of, effective judicial protection, enshrined under Article 47 of the Charter. Considering the recently adopted Interoperability Regulations in the AFSJ, and the prevalent European enthusiasm for further automatization, the study offers a conceptual as well as a practical assessment of the exercise of effective control in this context.

 

DEWI Tsany

"Client Protection in Digital Financial Services: A Legal Comparative Analysis of Deposit-Based Lending and Peer-to-Peer Business Lending in the European Union and Indonesia."

Supervisor: Prof. Dirk ZETZSCHE

Ms. Dewi performs a comparative legal analysis of client protection in Digital Financial Services (DFS) particularly in deposit-based lending and peer-to-peer business lending in Indonesia and the EU. Retail clients of DFS providers are exposed to fiduciary, insolvency and information risks. Her research examines how regulation shall cope with these risks in the innovative fintech lending sector given the different institutional settings and cultural contexts. It analyzes which risks are effectively mitigated by existing regulations, which gaps possibly exist in client protection frameworks and whether DFS providers in regions with a particular regulatory framework perform and serve clients better.

DI GIANFRANCESCO Laura

"The Interpretation of UN Security Council Resolutions "

Supervisor: Prof. Matthew HAPPOLD

The research project purports to study the current state of international law on the interpretation of Security Council resolutions and to identify, among the possible different methods, the one which is best suited to the interpretation of these sources. Absent a codified interpretive method, similar to the one developed for treaties provided in arts. 31-33 VCLT, the project will analyse the relevant international practice with a view to verifying whether analogical recourse to the Vienna Convention’s paradigm is justified or whether the peculiar features of Security Council resolutions require the development of an autonomous interpretive approach.

 

DUFOUR Pascale

"Le contrat : quelles fonctions juridiques ? "

Supervisor: Prof. David HIEZ

 

 

DUTTA Somesh

"The Relevance of Applicable Law in Ensuring a Consistent International Investment Jurisprudence & the Future of Investor-State Adjudication "

Supervisor: Prof. Hélène RUIZ FABRI

The research aims to address what is the ‘applicable law’ in international investment adjudication and its relevance in ensuring ‘consistency’ in international investment jurisprudence. For this, it focuses on how the international investment law regime is evolving, i.e. from bilateralism to plurilateralism and what should be the desirable level of consistency in the absence of a multilateral agreement on investment. It further deals with the ongoing deliberations at the UNCITRAL Working Group III on ISDS (investor-State dispute settlement) reform to comprehend what is the future of investor-State arbitration, and if such procedural reforms would help achieve a consistent investment law jurisprudence. 

 

FERNANDEZ Ahumada Angelica

"Challenges of online platforms to traditional enforcement schemes: Regulatory and governance models for online platforms in the context of artificial intelligence in the EU. "

Supervisor: Prof. Mark COLE

 

 

 

 

GEBHARD Gerd

"To TEE or not to TEE, that is the question."

Supervisor: Prof. Werner HASLEHNER

 

In 2000, Luxembourg has chosen to introduce the system of entry taxation for occupational pension schemes. This decision raises questions of potential double taxation for foreign workers and of distribution of tax revenues between home and host country of these workers. The justification of this policy choice is explored both from economic and juridical perspectives, with particular emphasis on the three neighbouring countries and the objective of generating practicable recommendations in this field of public policy.

 

 

 

GENCO Alice

"Le contrôle juridictionnel au sein de la gouvernance économique européenne"

Supervisor: Prof. Eleftheria NEFRAMI

 

The research aims to address what is the ‘applicable law’ in international investment adjudication and its relevance in ensuring ‘consistency’ in international investment jurisprudence. For this, it focuses on how the international investment law regime is evolving, i.e. from bilateralism to plurilateralism and what should be the desirable level of consistency in the absence of a multilateral agreement on investment. It further deals with the ongoing deliberations at the UNCITRAL Working Group III on ISDS (investor-State dispute settlement) reform to comprehend what is the future of investor-State arbitration, and if such procedural reforms would help achieve a consistent investment law jurisprudence.  

 

 

GERARDY Marie

"The privatisation of the power to make law: the case of technical standardisation. "

Supervisor: Prof. Joana MENDES

Through an inclusive analysis of the legal nature, normative functions as well as effectiveness of technical standardisation at the EU, US and international levels, this project will assess the legitimacy of the privatization of the power to make laws. 

Despite the fact that technical standardisation does not fit within the traditionally understood definition of law, it nevertheless produces important legal, economic and social normativity by, respectively, shaping and operationalising public regulations, determining market access and shaping consumers and companies’ behaviours. This thesis will therefore address legitimacy, competition as well as international trade law questions raised by the use of private instruments in the operationalistion of law. 

 

GONG Yi

"Judicial review of international commercial arbitration in China: A comparative Perspective"

Supervisor: Prof. Séverine MENETREY

This project attempts to explore, in the international commercial arbitration, what the relationship is between the power to order complex arbitration procedural tools (i.e. consolidation, joinder/intervention of the third party, single arbitration under multiple contracts, class arbitration) and the power to decide jurisdiction. Based on the comparative perspective, the impact of deciding complex arbitration mechanisms by different authorities (arbitral tribunal, arbitral institution, and state court) on jurisdiction as well as the justifications behind it would be examined in the light of philosophy and practice.

 

HIRY Jasmin

"The Evolution of the Rights of Initiative in the European Union"

Supervisor: Prof. Herwig HOFMANN

In her research, Jasmin analyses the development of the rights of initiative in the EU throughout the course of European integration. Her aim is to evaluate, whether these developments and the rights of initiative in their current form comply with the constitutional values of the European Union as set out in article 2 TEU. Her thesis thereby aspires to contribute to the discussion of how to enhance the Union’s constitutional values, particularly in the framework of the adoption of Union acts.

 

HOMOV Ella

"The legal regime for the exploitation and use of outer space resources."

Supervisor: Prof. Mahulena HOFMANN

All activities in outer space shall, in principle, be subject to a regulatory regime (at national and/or international levels). In this context, the new field of activities in outer space such as the activities of exploitation and use of space natural resources raises a multitude of legal issues which still need to be resolved by the international community. The main subject of this PhD thesis is to find a constructive and comprehensive corpus of legal rules aimed at regulating the exploitation and use of space natural resources.

 

HUBAI Andrii

The system of alternative dispute resolution in the field of investment law

Supervisor: Prof. Isabelle RIASSETTO

Andrii Hubai is a Doctoral Researcher at the University of Luxembourg since November 2018. The candidate had studied at the College of Europe and Vilnius University. In this period, Andrii had participated at the Erasmus Exchange programme at the University of South Wales.

 

The research interests of Andrii include analysing the phenomenon of abuse in relation to investment arbitration and investment fund law. In 2020 Andrii had received the Associate Fellow status at the Higher Education Academy in recognition of his skills of teaching against the UK Professional Standards Framework. In 2019 Andrii had visited two times the University of Laos under the inter-university teaching cooperation.

 

HUBKOVA Pavlina

International regulatory cooperation and its judicial review

Supervisor: Prof. Joana MENDES

International regulation may come from various actors on the global scene. Even if their acts are not necessarily legally binding, they still produce legal effects. A question raises how such non-binding acts could and should be assessed normatively and whether and how such an assessment should be done by courts. The research project focuses, in a comparative perspective, on case law of chosen courts and examines how the courts deal with various non-binding regulatory instruments and what legal value they attribute to them in concrete cases.

 

JAIN Priyanka

Standing of qualified entities in cross-border collective redress.

Supervisor: Prof. Burkhard HESS

Priyanka Jain is a research fellow at Max Planck Institute Luxembourg, working in the framework of the DTU REMS II project at University of Luxembourg. Her research focusses on a comparative study of collective redress mechanisms and the effective protection of data subject’s rights. The transnational governance and administrative systems, dispute settlement procedures have always been a subject of her interest.
Priyanka has completed her BLS LLB (Honours) from Mumbai University (India). She has successfully completed all India Bar Examination and was awarded certificate for practising law all over India by the Bar Council in 2016. She holds an LLM degree from Coventry University (United Kingdom) since 2017. She was also awarded a certificate in ‘Strategic Management’ by the Chartered Management Institute, UK. She has three years of organizational experience in the field of litigation and research and diverse background from working as an intern to an associate advocate in legal firms to an International student ambassador for Coventry University.

 

JOLLY Loren

Le développement d'un système juridictionnel régulant la monnaie virtuelle dans un monde digitalisé et connecté à un niveau international.

Supervisor: Prof. Stefan BRAUM

The project is to conduct an interdisciplinary research which follows a theoretical approach motivated by systems theory. This theory observes a dynamic within society which has consequences on sovereignty and which ends up in the development of fragmented legal frameworks. This change is observed through the example of the ecosystem of cryptocurrency developing its own functional rules and the reaction of the criminal justice system (especially through the anti-money laundering legal framework) which is used as means of social control upon the ecosystem. This has consequences not only on the legitimacy and on fundamental principles of criminal law but also on fundamental rights. The goal is to develop an autonomous legal order that would enable to address these issues.

 

KAFTERANIS Dimitrios

The protection of whistle-blowers in the banking and financial sector

Supervisor: Prof. Silvia ALLEGREZZA

 

Whistle-blowing makes headlines around the world. More and more scandals are discovered due to whistle-blowing. The legal science started to focus on the issue of whistle-blower's protection and new laws are adopted more and more. At the EU level, the recently adopted Directive on the protection of whistle-blowers is the first EU legal text providing horizontal legal protection to the whistle-blowers. The banking and financial sector had already had sectoral provisions on whistle-blowing due to the several financial crises the last 20 years. The present thesis aims to analyse whistle-blowing at the EU banking and financial sector in order to assess the protection offered to the whistle-blowers.

 

LABI Clément

The Remuneration Policies of Listed Compagnies in European Law - Legal and Economic Foundations"

Supervisor: Prof. Pierre-Henri CONAC

 

My research attempts to address from a legal perspective the current debates about executive compensation (notably in light of the recent developments at the European level), to clarify the terms of such debate, and to sketch elements of what could be innovative means to a viable solution.

 

LENTZ Patrick

State sovereignty, the principle of self-determination and liberal democracy: barriers to effective environmental rulemaking?"

Supervisor: Prof. Johan VAN DER WALT

 

State sovereignty, the principle of self-determination and liberal democracy seem to slow down effective environmental protection. Environmental law still largely remains a matter of internal State action. The liberal democratic process is long and it is difficult to meet the needed majorities at national and international level. With due consideration to the ongoing debate on judicial overreach (activism), the thesis focuses on the question of whether judicial review can address the shortcomings of environmental legislation/protection. 

 

LETERRE Gabrielle

From standards of international law for outer space resources exploitation to sustainable mining "

Supervisor: Prof. Mahulena HOFMANN

 

Supported by the FNR under the 2018 AFR PhD scheme, Leterre’s research focuses on the protection of the outer space environment in view of future space resources exploitation activities. Outcomes include the identification and assessment of space actors’ environmental obligations, applicable legal frameworks, and innovative approaches of international law. Eventually, this research considers how protecting the outer space environment contributes to the sustainability of space activities.

 

LUPINU Pier Mario

"Who should provide the appropriate liquidity in the European post-resolution scenario? "

Supervisor: Prof. André PRÜM

 

Prior the collapse of Lehman Brothers, liquidity problems seemed not to have been an issue for regulators. However, the 2008 Global Financial Crisis changed this scenario, paving the way for an extensive regulation, especially in the euro area through the establishment of prudential supervision and resolution frameworks. To date, the provision of liquidity following the resolution of a credit institution has not yet been covered and, as a result, current liquidity instruments are fragmented because of their distribution among different actors (ECB, SRB, ESM), which are not capable to address liquidity needs as in other jurisdictions (UK, US, Canada). This is the reason why the PhD project in Banking and Finance Law focuses on issues concerning the provision of liquidity in the post-resolution phase.

 

MACHURA-URBANIAK Anna

"Investment fraud in the light of behavioral finance - integration of psychological aspects into financial regulation"

Supervisor: Prof. André PRÜM

 

Contrary to the traditional financial regulation which protects investors mainly by requiring companies and financial intermediaries to release complete and accurate information, PhD proposes to redesign financial regulation in the way to take into consideration human factors like behavior, thinking and emotions. Research is focused on analyzing which cognitive biases and emotions influence investors’ decision-making and how financial fraudsters use these psychological aspects to commit a fraud. The objective is to see whether behavioral science could be used to fine-tune policy design and/or enhance enforcement of the financial regulation in order to better protect investors. 

 

MARTINEZ HERRERO Daniel

"The legal personification of robots: a solution for future? "

Supervisor: Prof. David HIEZ

 

My research proposal starts from the idea that the provision of specific legal personality is necessary for robots (as an electronic or cyber-physical persons with a will arising from algorithmic processes and the existence of a legal obligation of not harming cyber-physical persons) and should be considered as a subjective right corresponding to their material integrity. The absence of a robotic corpus iuris could lead to a social crisis therefore the creation of a legal personality and its harmonization in the global legal framework are key. Finally, the dissertation will attempt to answer all those questions related to the insertion of the most advanced robotics into our legal order by developing a robotic corpus iuris encompassing each and every one of the legal branches. 

 

MARTINS SPINDOLA DINIZ Ricardo

"Towards a Hermeneutic Theory of Liberal Democratic Law "

Supervisor: Prof. Johan VAN DER WALT

 

“Public culture,” composed by a set of public texts and its historical traditions of interpretations, sustains the possibility of public reason in liberal democracies. However, any endeavor to distinguish between such a “public culture” and a wider range of comprehensive doctrines would appear to already depend on a prior understanding of public culture. Apparently, the notion of “public” culture itself presupposes the distinction between public culture and the comprehensive worldviews that it purports to draw. My research will engage with the conundrum that becomes manifest with this “circular” presupposition of the distinction that one proposes to make. It will do so in the specific context of liberal democratic cultures.

 

MAVROULI Roila

"Le droit de résistance en tant que droit positif ; une réflexion à partir du cas constitutionnel grec et français. "

Supervisor: Prof. Johan VAN DER WALT

 

 

 

 

MCARDLE Aaron

"Judicial approaches toward hate speech in German, Irish, UK and European Human Rights Law "

Supervisor: Prof. Jörg GERKRATH

 

 

 

 

MRECHES - DZIEMIANCZYK Karolina

"The property rights implications in the Luxembourg fiduciary contract "

Supervisor: Prof. David HIEZ

 

 

 

 

MUSTERT Lisette

"Accountability in the composite multi-jurisdictional system of GDPR enforcement"

Supervisor: Prof. Herwig HOFMANN

 

This PhD project focusses on how the multi-jurisdictional enforcement network established under the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) works and to what extent this network provides an effective basis for better enforcement of the GDPR. Additionally, the project studies to what extent the actors in this network – the national Data Protection Authorities, the European Data Protection Board and the European Data Protection Supervisor – are subject to sufficient political, judicial and administrative accountability mechanisms, and tries to find solutions for possible shortcomings of the current system. 

 

NALBANDIAN Bianca

"The Sovereign Shift in International Investment Law"

Supervisor: Prof. Hélène RUIZ FABRI

 

Today, China, the BRICS countries, alongside the Gulf states and other emerging markets, have considerably grown in economic weight and political power. As eastern and southern countries became global capital exporters streamlining investment flows towards the Southern and the Northern hemispheres, investments by state-owned entities, sovereign wealth funds, and pension funds have reached extraordinary heights in both numbers and capital flows. Such an increased presence of the state in the market has prompted a shift from a fundamentally private to an abundantly sovereign character in the international investors’ plethora, reflective of a broader trend, often referred to as state capitalism. In this context, the international investment legal framework may have to adapt to the changing underlying macroeconomic trends and background. This Ph.D. thesis aims at exploring the impacts such paradigm shift may cast on the international investment legal framework. 

 

NEGRE Damien

"L’Activité Professionnelle : L'Intégration d'Une Notion Fonctionnelle Européenne en Droit Interne"

Supervisor: Prof. Elise POILLOT

 

Non définie précisément par le droit européen, la notion d’activité professionnelle en droit de la consommation souffre de contours flous qui rendent instable son interprétation par les juridictions et législateurs nationaux, alors même qu’elle demeure un critère fondamental de la caractérisation des qualités de consommateur et de professionnel.

Cette étude tente de rechercher l’essence de la notion en droit européen, afin d’en faciliter la réception par les systèmes juridiques nationaux.

 

NGUYEN Trung

"Judicial activism at the WTO: A Comparative Analysis"

Supervisor: Prof. Hélène RUIZ FABRI

 

This PhD thesis will look at the phenomenon called ‘judicial activism’ at the World Trade Organization (WTO) from a comparative perspective. The author will present the trichotomy model to determine ‘judicial activism’ in international law, namely ‘substantive activism,’ ‘procedural activism’ and ‘institutional activism.’ Next, the author will analyse ‘judicial activism’ at the WTO through dissecting reports of the WTO Appellate Body in comparison with the CJEU. This dissertation will conclude by making several proposals and suggestions for the understanding of judicial activism in international law and at the WTO DSM.

 

NOVELLI Claudio

"AI and Legal Personality: a Theoretical Inquiry"

Supervisor: Prof. Johan VAN DER WALT

 

In my PhD research I discuss the hypothesis of giving legal personality to artificial intelligence systems. Although I adopt a mostly theoretical approach, I try to find practical implications for the legislator involved in this issue. Conceptual analysis can provide theoretical tools of great usefulness to the jurist, as in the present case, since it is necessary to find a general equilibrium between different legal systems with idea of what legal personality is and what it implies.

Indeed, legal personality is a key concept that holds together bundles of rights and obligations and for this reason it can be considered as a node of inferential networks between factual preconditions and legal effects. Although the inferentialist stance has important insights into the pragmatics of legal concepts, it does not explain the reasons why we cluster different situations under the same doctrinal categories and how those categories integrate extra-legal information.

In my thesis I argue that one way to account for these reasons is to deepen the institutional ontology of legal personality by identifying some presupposed concepts, i.e. meta-institutional concepts. I then argue that meta-institutional concepts are often employed by jurists for various purposes and that they can be relevant to law policy choices as that of including AIs among legal subjects.